English bespoke shoemakers (and the French who are in many respects more English than the English) use totally different tools to stitch the sole to the welt as their German, Austro-Hungarian, East European colleagues. English makers use a fudge wheel and a square awl, while their continental brethren use a (two-pronged) stitch marker and the same curved, round awl used for inseaming. The optical impact of the two methods is totally different. In addition continental shoemakers do not go in for the neat and close stitches the English school utilizes. (There is an old shoemaker's saying: "Small stitches make quality work, large stitches buy you bread."). Today. in an English shoe 10 stitches per inch (4 per cm) is considered good (West-End) standard. I don't think, you will find a continental shoe that uses smaller stitches than 1/2 Paris Point (= 3 stitches per cm or 7.5 per inch), with an increase in the stitch length to do the inside waist). But I have seen photographs here from eastern European shoes, where it looks in the picture that they have increased the stitch length to something like 5 mm (5/inch) and, as I have never seen any complaints about that, the shoemakers obviously got away with it.