Just to confuse things further, it seems that there can be quite a bit of variation between different batches of cordovan. As an example, within the space of a week, I bought a pair of Carmina cognac cordovan boots from Unipair in Sth Korea, and a pair of Carmina cognac cordovan plain-toe bluchers from Skoaktiebolaget in Sweden. On both boxes, they were described as "cordovan cognac", but the shoes were considerably lighter than the boots. After a number of wears, a bit of exposure to rain and a coat of cordovan cream and a good brushing, the shoes have darkened a bit but they're still significantly lighter than the boots. I don't mind the difference, but I was surprised by just how different the colours were, despite both being referred to as cognac cordovan.