Just a few more thoughts on this thread: As far as Holmes' knowledge of martial arts goes, Holmes told Watson that he had used the Japanese art of baritsu to hurl Professor Moriarty into the chasm of the Reichenbach Falls. I just asked my colleague Dave Cater, editor of Inside Kung-Fu, if he had ever heard of a martial art called baritsu. He said he had not. In the movie, Dave informed me, Holmes states that he had been studying Wing Chun (a real martial art) for four years. I suspect "baritsu" may have been a figment of Doyle's creative imagination. I believe you are referring to bartitsu, not baritsu. See:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartitsu It's the iGent's martial art. Edit: Jan was right. Doyle referred to it as Baritsu, which has aparrantly confused some people as he may have invented the term, or he may have mis-remembered it after hearing it, or it may have been an editing mistake.