All of these comments are pretty much right. Peal is only made in England. Used to be AS and C&J (I have some of both), but I haven't seen any AS lately. It's a pretty safe bet that anything under $500 is Loake, and anything over $600 is C&J. But C&J raised their prices recently, so there are some older C&J models that are still at $548. Those at $528, not quite sure about, but I'd guess they are newer Loake. And then last year they had some Church's, although I am not 100% certain they were branded as Peal. They were easy to tell, though, because they had the trademark Church's shiny corrected leather. Unfortunately, the website does not show the soles of all the shoes anymore, so it's sometimes hard to tell. If you see them in person, C&J has the last written in script inside the shoe, so that's one way to tell. And you can usually match up the shoes on the C&J website from the pictures. Just few years ago, when they were all made by AS and C&J, there were some tremendous bargains when they went on sale. I think those days are gone.