I didn't see any Paki bashing back in 1969. I reckon a lot of that was a media creation. Young skinheads might mouth off to the newspapers but my reality was different. We used to go to Brick Lane on a Sunday and the Bangladeshi people had taken up residence there but they were older than us, married with small children. They also tended to dress Western and were trying to fit in. Not like their children and grandchildren today. We didn't see Paki's our age. My Gran, living in the East End, used to call Black people 'Darkies' but it wasn't meant offensively. We lived in a bubble were we only recognised boys (and girls!) between the ages of 15 to 19. Any fighting tended to be within our peer group. Others were ignored.We used the term Chinky for takeaways. Hardly saw any Chinese except in their shops.We also used the term Paki shop.Young West Indians did their own thing, went to their own clubs,pubs.My mates were only interested in having a good time.In my mob the political views were probably across the spectrum but we didn't spend much time talking politics. We talked about clothes,music,girls,football,clubs and pubs. Immigration was on a scale that could be absorbed. Today, with mass immigration, I feel an outsider in my own City. Racism existed then as it does now. Ask West Indians and Africans what they think of each other. Jews and Arabs.Indians and Pakistani's etc,etc. During 'the troubles' I was called a Brit on several occasions by Catholics from Northern Ireland. It was meant as an insult but I quite liked the term. Water off a ducks back. I never did get upset by verbal insults.Getting head-butted had a far greater effect on me.