Oh, I see people are already talking about Hitler's Willing Executioners. I've read it, and I agree with the prevailing sentiment that it's pretty much crap, and Goldhagen doesn't have any idea what he's talking about. His work is in large part based on Browning's Ordinary Germans which is a much more fascinating (and historically tenable) examination of the role of "Ordinary Germans" in the Holocaust. The part I've found so terrifying about the Holocaust is the acceptance. I understand that it's unreasonable to expect Jews to rise up when they first were brought to the camps, but how about in the East when they're digging their own graves or being marched to the ravine at Babi Yar? Same with Russian soldiers -- you have a group of trained young men who passively submit to being murdered. Edit: Has anyone here read Kershaw's The End? I haven't yet, but even though his book isn't primarily about the Holocaust, he does get into the phenomenon of the continued executions to very end: that, as it collapsed, the Nazi regime expressed itself in one last paroxysm of violence, shooting Jews and execution prisoners while the Russians and the Americans were ten feet from the gates.