I wouldn't say that the music I listen to changes my outfit on a day-to-day basis, but I certainly go through phases. When I was younger, there was this all-or-nothing attitude which dominated both my music and clothing choice. Punk rock, oi, etc. in high school, where I would wear the boots and tight jeans/shirts. This changed around college. My clothing and music style began to slack into a more laidback, reggae vibe. Towards the end of college, I started gravitating back towards metal and hardcore, along with tighter pants and band shirts. Now, I'm listening to more hardcore, but everything is mish-moshing into this weird combination. I'm certainly trying to bring back some of the edge with more clothing related to hardcore, but it doesn't necessarily depend on how I feel in the morning.
So to answer the question, yes and no.