If you have a surprise encounter with a black bear in the Adirondacks remain calm. The bear is usually just as surprised and will normally run the other way.
If a bear does not run from you immediately, it may be temporarily distracted, unaware of your presence or unable to identify you.
Stand where you are or back away slowly.
Speaking to the bear in a calm voice and waving your arms may help it identify you.
The bear may stand up on its hind legs for a better look or to catch your scent before leaving the area.
Never run from a bear and don't try to climb a tree to escape! Bears may have a tendency to chase you when they would not otherwise and they climb trees very quickly and much better than you. Both situations will put you at a disadvantage.
If the bear does not leave, remain calm. Stand you ground if the bear begins to approach.
Black bears are generally timid and shouting or clapping will generally be enough to deter an approach.
If a bear approaches you, your tent, or your camping area, make noise to alert it to your presence and encourage it to leave.
If it persists or follows you, aggressively defend yourself. Raising your arms may help you appear larger to the bear.
Do not throw a pack or any food to a bear as a distraction. This will only encourage a bear to approach other people for food or packs. If possible, quickly gather any food left out and store it securely in a canister or back away with it. Leaving food for the bears will only encourage them to repeat the cycle.
If a bear does get into your food do not attempt to drive it away. Bears can aggressively defend their food sources. Back away, warn others in the area and report the incident to a ranger as soon as possible.