Well, that's the reason they give a discount. When you buy seconds, you are rolling the dice. However, most of the time, I think the defects are small. I've bought several seconds and most of them had some creasing or color variation, which I don't mind. Sometimes people buy seconds and they receive a shoe with a tear in the leather or messy stitching, or some cases, a shoe with the wrong sole. I've been lucky in that all my seconds have been great.