Jings, @RogerP! They're belters!
Help ma' Boab they are!
I don't know about the specific traits of hiking boots, but for me the key to a good all-weather all-activity boot (in my case camping and hunting - the latter of which involves a fair degree of walking over open varied ground, though walking is not the purpose) are a durable upper and a synthetic sole with some tread. Leather soles in the field are just absurd.
My CXL AE Bayfields served this purpose for many years:
I still think CXL is nearly unbeatable as a choice for the uppers - and the Carmina Jumpers that have replaced them are of that material:
But if you happen to luck into a pair of genuine Heather Gorse (Zug!) Veldtshoens, that's probably the cat's pyjamas right there.
Yep, I like a tongue gusset, though I think of it mostly to keep out debris rather than water. Also, I'm not an expert in this area, but I would think all of the additional seams and brogueing in something like a wingtip would allow in more water. My Alico boots have the Norwegian welt and single piece construction over most of the boot, so I can step in water a couple inches deep and nothing gets in. Standing in water will result in wet feet, as will stepping in something deeper than the height of the boot, of course.
So it depends on the terrain and conditions we are talking about. Well worn trails in the alps on a sunny day? Yes, anything with a lug sole ought to work (and yes to the scotch grain to keep them from looking rough). But for desert hiking, off-trail hiking, mountain summits with lots of loose rock, or for hiking in wet conditions; gimme something designed for the trail, not the catalog.