When you use the term "Financial Analyst" it typically refers to someone working on the corporate side of the house. So this wouldn't be considered a front office role. This is what they call Corporate Finance.
I'm generalizing here, but I have a feeling you are referring to investment banking analysts, equity research analysts, hedge fund analysts, etc, opposed to a true "Financial Analyst".
To answer the question you AREN'T asking, a FA might be involved in everything from ad hoc for MD's / VP's, budgeting & forecasting, FP&A (reporting), account reconciliation, etc. You will likely NOT be client facing.
First year analyst salary is usually 50-60k, and depending on where you live it could reach ~70k. 10% bonus could be considered aggressive albeit being fairly standard at my firm.
As for mobility / hierarchy structure, it's fairly limited and not as lucrative. Analyst for 2-4 years > Senior Analyst > Director of Region / Project / Division > UP or Lateral
Know that corporate finance is an alternative to investment banking / hedge funds / consulting, and is much easier to break into. Also note that Corporate Strategy might is referred to as Corporate Finance, however this is a different beast not classified by info above.
Edited by Onetwobit - 12/28/13 at 1:58pm