Here is a rough translation of Cherrytree's page.... 3. Norwegian Style The greatest characteristic of this style is that you can see the stitching of the seam on the upper surface. However, in many this is merely decoration and serves no structural function. Â This shoe finds its origins in Norway, but depending on the maker, the manufacturing process can vary significantly. Â In Europe, for example, in France, shoes with the seam stitching mentioned above are today called "Norwegians." G. Norwegian Construction First a feather is cut away from the bottom portion of the insole. With this feather, the upper lining is parallel-stitched together with the insole. Then, the upper edge that faces outward is stitched to the outsole on the lip edge. The Norwegian construction combines both minmal side to side give and flexibility, and has long been used in mountain climbing shoes and the like. Â Famous as the construction used in J.M. Weston's De Gaul. H. Norwegian Welted Construction An "L" shaped curved welt is placed on top of the small lip edge used in the Norwegian Construction, and a parallel stitch is made to the outside of the shoe. Â (There are also cases in which the stitches do not extend outside of the upper as is shown in the picture). In other words, this is a construction in which the welt and stitches in the (A) shoe are entirely exposed on the outer portion of the shoe. Â Because the welt does not penetrate into the inner portion of the shoe, water resistance is greater than in the Norwegian Construction (G). Today, this construction is only seen in special order mountain climbing shoes and the like I. Â Reverse Welted Construction The point of difference between this model and the Norwegian Welted Construction (H) is that rather than creating the feather, cloth sewing tape is affixed. Â In other words, the welt and stitches from (B) are entirely exposed on the outside the shoe. Â Actually, many shoes that called Norwegian Welted Construction (H) are made in this manner. The waterproofing properties are extremely great, as is the case with Norwegian Welted Construction (H). This process is often used in country shoes. J.\tNorvegese Construction The difference with Norwegian Welted Construction (G) is that instead of creating the feather in bottom portion of the insole, a line of stitches rises up along the insole at the point where that surface and the upper lining are directly stitched together. Â It is said that Mr. Stephano Brancini(?), an Italian, has recently devised ways to simplify Norwegian Construction (G) and Norwegian Welted Construction (H). Â When a welt that has an L-shaped surface is placed on top of the lip edge and parallel stitched together so that the stitching may be seen on the outside of the shoe, it is sometimes called the Bentivegna Construction.