Wrong section. Should really be posted in Streetwear and Denim.
A member of SF and hating spend money on clothes is not a good combination, because the majority of people who frequent SF, appreciate and enjoy clothing - or want to improve their sense of dress. You do not have to spend stupid amounts to look good because it's equally about how you assemble clothing (mixing and matching), developing an appreciation for the colour wheel, and avoiding cognitive dissonance i.e. consistent look and feel to your outfit, as opposed to mixing city and country together, or casual and formal (jeans with french cuffs).
In terms of department stores, I would recommend Uniqlo and Zara (although I have never bought an item from the former). Best bang for your buck in terms of quality compared to the stores that you listed.
For casual, I used to frequent Selfridges for the Joseph and Nicole Farhi concessions. The last item I bought from Joseph was a camel merino v-neck for £120+. I have owned this favourite piece of clothing for 7 years and it is still going strong! Joseph has been pretty poor for years; whilst Nicole Farhi has its moments - wool trousers - but is a tad over-priced. For v-neck merino wool sweaters, I swear by Nigel Hall (£85).
I have bought dark grey woolen trousers from Ede & Ravenscroft, and in future, will be trying Howard Yount for tropical wool trousers (heading to Singapore and Malaysia in Feb next year for 3 weeks - then China for 3 weeks in May).
Shoes, Meermin (with a pair of burgundy derbies from Aldo, a week before I discovered SF).
I have bought a few items in the past from Zara, and still wear a ivory button-cuff shirt that my ex bought for me.
Spending a little more money for your clothing (especially shoes - it took me 39 years to discover this axiom) will drastically up the quality, and will lead to longer clothing life because better quality clothing will not fall apart after 6 months.