Goggles aren't for eye protection so much as they are to keep the wind out of your eyes and cutting down the glare. Buy a pair, you'll be grateful. Better than sunglasses by far. Much more critical than a helmet too, IMO. I've never taken a fall or even seen a fall where cracking the head was a big concern; when you fall skiing, you don't just hit a wall (well, a lift pole or tree if you're really bad at it), you tumble down the slope. With that kind of fall, you're not risking your head as much as risking getting limbs caught at awkward angles that break things. Unless you're doing crazy jumps or going down slopes that are way beyond your capability, you don't need a helmet. File that one as a nice to have.
I have, on the other hand, come close to breaking a leg (as a sidenote, this is why you need to make sure your bindings are at an appropriate setting- if the ski doesn't pop off, it can fuck up bones and joints when it caches against something while your body is still moving) and have separated my shoulder.
Oh, and I like the gloves. If there's ever a time for bright colors and silly coordination, skiing is it.