Originally Posted by Mr Herbert
in Australia a schooner is a US pint (425mL?) and only served in the Eastern States because the blokes over there are a little soft.
pints are always imperial pints (570mLs)
you can also get a Pony - 140mL (only drunk by returned servicemen) and half pints are called middys, handles or pots depending on what state you live in.
Almost correct, beer glass sizes in Australia and N.Z. are generally smaller than other countries, I believe this is related to (as I said above) the belief that the beer will go warm in the hot climate but it is also related to the 'Six O'Clock Swill'.
Until the late sixties or early 70s most pubs (hotel public bars) would close at six O'Clock, this was brought about by pressure from the temperance league. Men would finish work at 5 then rush to the pub and down as many beers as possible in the next hour. Smaller glasses were more efficiently poured and emptied. A 7 ounce glass is easily downed in one gulp a 10 in 2 gulps and the bartender could quickly serve many customers. The bartender would fill the glasses using a gun on a hose rather than taking the glass to the tap.
Pubs may carry glasses ranging from 4 Imp fl oz/115 ml to 20 Imp fl oz/570 ml increasing in increments of 1oz between 4oz and 10oz then 12oz 15 oz and 20oz. Most pubs only carry a few of these sizes and depending on the state different sizes are more popular. Until the 1990s generally the most common sizes were 7, 10, and 15 fl oz known as a beer/7, pot and schooner where I'm from but with other names in other states/cities. For example in N.S.W. a 10 oz beer is called a middie and in S.A. it is a schooner. (sometimes 9 oz) and in S.A. a 7 oz is called a butcher.
More recently it is difficult to find a glass under 10 oz except in traditional working mens bars or places frequented by returned servicemen (noted above by Mr Herbert) and 20 oz or pints are becoming popular as younger people are enamoured by British beers and can ponce on about their trip to Europe.
An interesting side note about the Six O'Clock Swill was that until about the same time as it ended women were barred from public bars, I remember as a child that I could go into the bar with my father but my mother couldn't. Female barmaids were alowed however and my uncle owned a pub that employed naked barmaids, this was deemed illegal so the barmaids changed to wearing completely sheer and see-through nighties