Unless its hand welted storm welt, its most likely done by machine using cement.
For 1 and 2, EG Galway and Trickers Stow fits the bill. Not sure whats G&G equivalent of both since Wigmore and Canterbury are both balmorals instead of open lacings.
GG06/MH71 are more suitable if you want to go with hefty storm welt IMO.
The success of a design is judged by the number of imitators. And if there's enough copiers, it came a classic.
The best statement is understatement.
Two things, gemming and thicker insoles from handwelting construction. Maybe insole dimples.
Bespoke has more than just hand welting.