Shoe and leather encyclopedia
Published 1911 by Shoe and leather gazette in Saint Louis
BAL, (an abbreviation of the word "Balmoral") - A front lace shoe, of medium height, men's, women's or children's, as distinguished from one that is adjusted to the ankle by buttons, buckles, rubber goring, etc., and from the "Blucher," "Polish," "Oxford," etc.
BLUCHER - A shoe or half boot, originated by Field Marshal Blucher of the Prussian army, in the time of the first Napoleon. It at once became very popular, and has since received occasional favor, being used with high tops as a sporting or hunting boot. Its distinguishing feature is the extension forward of the quarters, to lace across the tongue which may be an extension upward of the vamp.
OXFORD - A low cut shoe, no higher than the instep, lace, button, or goring, made in men's, women's and children's sizes.
POLISH - A ladies' or misses' front lace shoe, of higher cut than a "bal," named from Poland, where it is said to have originated, and pronounced accordingly.