I got schooled by DWFII on the very subject of goodyear welting versus hand welting versus goodyear hand welting. Here is the simple answer:
Goodyear welted shoes only use a canvas ribbing.
Hand welted shoes may use a canvas ribbing, but will always include a leather lip to which the welting attaches.
Goodyear, hand welted shoes do not exist. This would be like saying you have an automatic manual transmission in your car; it is not possible to have both.
On the question of whether a good year machine has to be used, it doesn't. The definition of goodyear welted shoes necessarily includes all shoes which use only a canvas rib to attach to the upper. This can be done by hand, but the construction is what defines the type of shoe, not the use of machines.
Polish or bone