Not to say that cost cutting isn't present in hand welted shoes but all or almost all Goodyear welted shoes contains cost saving technique and materials between different places, such as the use of heat formed heel or toe stiffener, canvass lining, hidden steel eyelet reinforcement, fiberboard insole, etc.
This is certainly true. Fortunately, it is relatively easy to figure out which brands do this, and what parts of the shoe this is done on. All of the "StyleForum Approved" brands, as far as I know, use acceptable materials. The only exception being heat formed heel and toe stiffeners, which are actually very prevalent. Please correct me if I am wrong on any of that.
EDIT: Allen Edmonds definitely makes some shoes with inferior insoles (Poron covered fiberboard). However, they aren't trying to deceive anyone as far as I can tell with that.
Edited by MoneyWellSpent - 7/1/13 at 9:41am