Ugh. Cannot get sucked into this. too much to do! But here go some brief replies:
Originally Posted by L.R.
... a) We "believe" in God. We don't "believe" in the Sun, rather, we know it exists ...
Great post. Do we know the Sun revolves around the Earth or do we believe it?
Originally Posted by XenoX101
Interesting comments, and indeed the choice to be religious hinges on the unprovable nature of religion, it demands that one reason for faith by a moral imperative of sorts rather than any scientific rational - that God is to be believed not simply because he is "true" but because he is "right" (the belief that the best life is the religious one).
I think truth and the good are convertible. What can we really prove? From Parmenides to Descartes, from the Matrix to Inception, even our senses are not indubitable. There are logical or geometric proofs (including ones for God done by Aristotle and others), but only if one accepts their axioms.
Originally Posted by tagutcow
As was discussed in an earlier thread, there are two senses of the word "faith" in play here. One sense of "faith" is a belief in something that isn't 100% certain-- eg. "I have faith that after the mid-term elections, there will be a Republican majority in congress." The other sense of "faith" is in the sense of personal trusting, and in this sense, "faith in God" assumes the existence of a personal God...
Lets add a third, namely Thomas's thought that faith is an infused or graced virtue (good habit) that perfects the mind, a share of God's own knowledge.