This is a very interesting question. Very interesting, indeed.
Generally Ive always adhered to matching my tie to my shirt and considering my suit neutral unless it had a strong secondary color in it that I wanted to pick out. For example, a black suit with orange pinstripes which one might want to purposefully pick up with a pumpkin tie. In that case, I would match a color in the tie to that secondary color as closely as possible. If I had a navy suit with bathtub green pinstripes in it, I would not want to wear a forest green tie.
I do know someone who matches the basic tonality of ties to things as disparate as the trousers as in wearing a medium toned tie with medium shaded grey flannels.
With regards to matching the primary color of a tie with the primary color with a suit, ie. a navy solid suit with a navy solid tie of the exact same shades. I wonder if its really possible considering the differences in the fabric. Its true you might be wearing a navy silk suit but thats hardly a common case. I would have no problem with this and believe its more seasonal. If youre wearing a darkest navy suit with a darkest and matching navy tie in winter, then it looks right but in the summer, to offset the darkness of your suit, I would pick a tie in a blue that isnt navy or is at least grey/navy. More likely, Id want a tie in medium aqua to powder blue.
A matter of personal taste but from the objective aesthetic the darker solid tie choices will make you seem more serious and unimaginative and the lighter ones will make you seem more carefree and elegant.