Anybody else notice the Strand and Weybridge golf shoes on the site? They're on non-standard lasts too. The Strand is on the 3 last instead of its standard 5 last.
They're part of the "rough" collection, I believe thats normal.
I do the Straight European lacing method for my Fifth Streets. Seems to work well for me.
I doubt that the lump is the defect that made them seconds as that likely wouldn't be detected until the shoes are worn. It should just be some unevenness in the cork underneath the insole. I'd recommend wearing them around the house for several hours per wear, for several days and see if it dissipates. For some people it does, but for others it doesn't. Just don't wear them outside and nullify your chance to return them.
Regarding your second question, I assume you are talking about the orange sock liner? That's normal. Sock liners are traditionally only 3/4 length in Goodyear-welted shoes.
FWIW, I believe I've read quite a few posts (either here or maybe somewhere else) about the rough collection shoes (most often the McTavish) having a "lump" under the forefoot in at least one of the shoes. It seems like this, while not being "normal", is rather common. I'm not sure if it's a byproduct of the cork laying process that would only affect this line of shoes (that doesn't seem to make sense), but who knows.