Yes,but bonwelt serve important function.lt still good.YesNo.bentivegna have no feather,goiser have feather.norvegese = bentivegna with L weltNorvegese and bentivegna more hard to resoleNot all bentivegna has braided stitch.
bonwelt = strip of leather usualy with teeth (rand)
it also on blake rapid shoe
bonwelt never attach to insole
welt always attach to insole and never have teeth
welt = on goodyear or hand welted shoe.
this link show some welt have teeth but it not true.
Sometimes it is,other time it is not.Goodyear construction can be big problem after three resole and gemming failure is common,so it not uncommon for shell upper to outlast construction.Best not to buy shell for durable shoe reason,best buy hand welt construction for durable shoe and have it repaired by skilled craftsmen,or buy quality blake rapid construction shoe because bonwelt more easy to replace than welt on Alden.Advice in many other post here is very bad.