What is the "cause" of the violence? Cause implies that an action made something happen. Nothing the victim does makes the abuser get violent. It may make them angry, but the decision to get violent is entirely on the abuser. Also, you can't pretend that "cause" is completely separate from things like "deserve/justify/excuse," given they all at least partially shift responsibility for the violence from the abuser to the victim.
7/30/14 at 4:52am